The 5 As of Tourism

If you’re undertaking a geography qualification or are just an avid traveller, then you may well have heard of the “5 As” of tourism. These are five factors that create the perfect travel destination and draw in thousands of visitors every year. They are fundamental to the success of the growing tourism industry.

They are:

  • Accessibility
  • Accommodation
  • Activities
  • Amenities
  • Attraction

Each of these components is essential to creating an enjoyable and successful trip.

Let’s take a look at each individually.

1. Accessibility

Accessibility is the ability for tourists to get to where they need to go. This means having efficient airports, transportation, and roads. It also means having convenient access to restaurants and other services. Tourists need to be able to get to their desired destination easily, whether it’s by plane, train, car, or boat. If a holiday destination is difficult to get to with long travel times and many swaps in transport then they may choose a different location. Easy access to transportation is essential for a successful trip.

2. Accommodation

Accommodation refers to the type of lodging available for tourists. No one wants to stay in a dirty, crowded and rundown hotel when they have paid so much money in travelling to their destination. The growth in all-inclusive resorts has prompted many tourists to set higher standards for their accommodation. In order for a destination to be successful in drawing in and retaining a steady stream of visitors they must offer lots of different accommodation options. Hotels, resorts, motels, vacation rentals, and other lodging options should be available. The rise in Airbnb has given many a luxury choice of opting for a “home away from home”.

3. Activities

This one is a pretty clear factor of tourism. Tourists want to be entertained while on holiday and participate in activities they may not usually undertake. These could include: swimming, hiking, sightseeing, shopping, and dining. It’s important to have a wide range of activities available to appeal to a variety of tourists. Travel companies often provide access to these activities from hotels, providing transport to nearby national parks, theme parks or towns. These are known as excursions.

4. Amenities

Amenities are the little extras that make a trip even more enjoyable. These include things like Wi-Fi, pool access, spa services, and more. Having great amenities can help make a tourist’s trip even more enjoyable. Tourists like to make sure that they are getting their money’s worth and so when searching for a holiday they will often opt for package options that give them the most amenities within their budget.

5. Attraction

Attraction is the most obvious aspect of tourism. Tourists are drawn to places of beauty, unique culture, and interesting history. Whether it’s a beach, mountain, city, or countryside, attractions are what draw tourists to visit a certain place. Countries that have economies that rely heavily on tourist income will ensure more funding is pushed towards improving the attraction of the area. Improvements to the landscape and infrastructure are made to make it more appealing to guests.

Bonus A : Affordability

Affordability is not typically counted in the 5 As but is sometimes substituted in. Affordability is a very important component of tourism. Tourists want to find affordable options when it comes to all of the above. Whether it be transport, accommodation, activities or amenities. Finding great deals and sometimes even discounts can help make holidays more affordable and remove stress – making them more enjoyable too.


The five As of tourism are essential for a successful trip. Attraction, Activities, Accessibility, Accommodation and Amenities are all important components that need to be taken into consideration when planning a vacation. The tourism industry must also take these factors into account when advertising holidays to help draw in tourists. Affordability is also an important component of tourism and is often the deciding factor in whether a person will choose a certain destination. Finding the perfect balance of the components helps make a trip more enjoyable and successful.

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